Plaosan Temple is one of the markers of Medang or Old Javanese culture. In those days there were 120 types of professions or jobs in the old days paid by the kingdom. They helped the king in managing the kingdom. Paid with real land
The king has various rights of the King. Building a temple is one of the king’s rights. Anugraha rights are the king’s right to give grace. Sima is the king’s gift for the temple, in the form of land.
Around Plaosan Temple there are 5 types of large plantations, looking at the results of excavation and research in the area around this. Sugarcane, tobacco, etc. Now the plantations are gone, changing to rice fields, or houses of villagers.
Plaosan Lor Temple is taken from the west direction of the temple
The temple was not built overnight using magic / klenik. But using sophisticated technology and requires a long time. Many years.
Plaosan Lor Temple in the middle is the main temple surrounded by small temples / ancillary temples. Several technologies were applied at that time, including the locking system of the temple structure. There is a locking stone structure that makes the temple survive. So that if the locking stone is removed it will tear down the temple building. The story of the construction of the temple and the stories of that era are found in the form of 60 short inscriptions in Plaosan.
Plaosan Temple area consists of Induk Lor Temple, South Main Temple, Perwara Temple / Companion Temple, Mandapa / most northern temple / open temple. Around the temple area there are fences, trenches.
When the excavation of the temple was carried out to the bottom, it was found prips, namely a collection of memendhem / planted objects
It contains gold, stones, gold sheets (gold foil) or gold sheets containing spells for gods in the temple.
One small temple in Plaosan takes 2 (two) years to complete the renovation. In Plaosan there are 326 ancillary temples. You can imagine how much longer the entire ancillary temple will be completely restored.
The ruins of Plaosan Temple that have not been completely restored
Plaosan temple ruins in rice fields
Plans for Plaosan Temple’s management in restoring the temple area include restoring Sima. The area is around 6000 square meters of land around the Plaosan temple.
Plaosan Temple ruins that have not been completely restored / reconstructed
More broadly it can actually be called the Prambanan Temple Area. Kalasan Temple is located in Kalasa Village, an offering for Dewi Tara / Tarabhawana. Boko Temple is called Abhaya Giri Vihara, while Shiwa Grha is the name for Prambanan temple. There is also a Ghana Temple near the Plaosan temple.
This area includes Central Java-DIY. The National Strategic Area includes the arrangement of the environment (Sima) where the former rice fields remained rice fields. At present the legal umbrella or decree has not yet been issued.
Outside the Prambanan temple area, there is Bumi Sambara Budhara, the name for Borobudur temple.
Tolerance and Technology
Religious tolerance has existed since the eighth century. In Sewu temple the appearance of religious tolerance is more visible. In this area Buddhist and Hindu temples are close together.
Prohibition of drying the temple fence to maintain the comfort and harmony of the temple building. Imagine if it was right for the motto of gini pating slawir cawet on a pager
Not necessarily the temple is at the location of the temple.
The technology used at that time was stone processing technology, soil testing technology. Shilvasastra is a method used to make sacred buildings. Land in the area that will be used for temple buildings is tested for hardness, fertility, oxygen / air content.
Every stone that is used has stone marks, which indicate the origin of the group or woman sending stones. the formation of stone using iron girders, there was already iron technology at that time.
The process of arranging the temple starts from the bottom, the foundation is built, the more upward, with the drawings in the soil around the temple. Some temple stones have a notch.
Watu Purusa Mandala, like a cross-legged person meditating. Foundation – Shoulder – Head. The key to the temple is on the head / crown. At the top of the temple there is a temple cupola.
The stones are arranged interlocking and overlapping. They lock to the side and up.
The construction of the temple apparently also has an organizational structure. The temple development organization consisted of Brahmins as designers, Sapata as architects, masons, statues, relief workers.
The size used is the metric size, namely Talamana. One tuning is the same as the palm of the middle finger to the limit of the palm. there are also sizes of Jengkal, Kilan, Hasta, Depa.
Plaosan Temple is also often used as a Pre Wedding place. With traditional Javanese or prince and princess themes
The currency used in that era, Gadung Emas, Silver Button. Kepeng is the currency of China. If Majapahit is a Gobog currency, a puppet picture coin.